Bareilly is among the fastest developing tier-2 cities of India and is one of big cities of Uttar Pradesh. It is also gateway to Kumaon region of Uttar Pradesh. The population of the city has crossed the figure of One Million.
Bareilly is one of 100 cities to be developed as SMART CITY by central government. Besides this, Bareilly has got place among 500 cities selected for Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) that will transform the city by improving existing basic infrastructure services like extending clean drinking water-supply, improving sewerage networks, laying of storm water drains, improving public transport services and creating green public spaces like parks etc. with special focus on creating healthy open spaces for children.
Bareilly was founded by Bas Deo and Barel Deo (sons of Rajput king Jagat Singh Katehria) in 1537. During the reign of Akbar his General Alam Ali Khan annexed it in the Mughal Empire. But the credit of building Bareilly as a new city in 1657 goes to Faujdar Makrand Rai who founded many muhallas like Beharipur, Malookpur, Kazi Tola, Alamgiriganj etc. He built Jama Masjid, Mazar of Shahdana Wali and a fort where at present Thana Qila is situated.
In seventeenth & eighteenth centuries Afghan Rohillas (originally hailed from Roh in Afghanistan) migrated to Bareilly and gradually became powerful. Ali Mohammad Khan became first Afghan Rohilla ruler of the region. In a battle took place here in 1772, Rohillas defeated Marathas with the help of Nawab of Awadh Shuja-ud-daula, who later defeated Rohilla Chief Hafiz Rehmat Khan. In 1801, Bareilly came under the rule of East India Company.
This city played very important role in rebellion of 1857 against company rule. On 31 May, revolutionary killed many British army officers in cantonment here and declared the independence of Bareilly. But the freedom could not continue for more than one year. City took active part in independence movement led by Mahatma Gandhi. Many national leaders including Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Jawahar Lal Nehru, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad etc. came here. The conference of UP Congress was held here in 1936. Many Bareillites sacrificed their lives for the sake of freedom of the country that was attained in 1947.
The city is well connected with the rest of the country by rail and road. National Highway No. 24, 74 and State Highway no. 37 pass through the city. It is a major stop for the trains between Amritsar-Kolkata, Guwahati-New Delhi and Kolkata – Deharadun. After some time the facility of travelling by air will also be available in the city as state government has approved proposal to build a mini air port here. The city is equidistant (just 250 Km) from national and state capitals.
Bareilly has become education hub of Western UP. Besides many renowned management institutes, there are three medical colleges, four engineering colleges, one dental college, two law colleges, two college of architecture, two universities and one deemed university (Indian Veterinary Research Institute) in Bareilly.
Bareilly is an important trade center of Uttar Pradesh and is famous for Zari-Zardozi work, Wood & Cane-furniture, Surma, and Manjha.
Bareilly is also known as medical hub of the region and is home to a large number of multi-specialty, super-specialty and general hospitals.
Bareilly has become an important media centre. Hindi dailies Amar Ujala, Dainik Jagran, Hindustan, AAj, Kanwhizz Times are being published from here. One English daily The Times of India and two Hindi daily tabloids I-Next and Amar Ujala Compact are also being published. City has three FM Radio stations: Akashvani (100.4), Big FM (92.7) and Radio Mantra (91.9).
During the last two decades many new world class townships have been developed in Bareilly that has changed the face of the city. CREDAI members have played significant role in it and their many under construction and coming up projects are going to make Bareilly more attractive place to live.
Asia’s first women hospital (Clara Swain Mission Hospital) was established by an American lady doctor Clara Swain at Bareilly in 1870. The hospital is now a famous general hospital in the region. Asia’s first Methodist Seminary is near to this hospital. Clara Swain was first qualified missionary lady doctor in India. She started country’s first nursing school at Bareilly where from first batch of the girls was graduated in 1873. Asia’s biggest veterinary institute (Indian Veterinary Research Institute) is also in this city.